A myxoid cyst, also known as a mucous cyst or digital mucous cyst, is a small, benign sac filled with thick, clear, gelatinous fluid that typically develops on the fingers or toes near the nail. These cysts often appear as small, smooth bumps and are usually painless unless they press on a nerve or interfere with nail growth.
Most myxoid cysts occur in people between the ages of 40 and 70, but they may be found in all ages. Twice as many women as men are affected.
The exact cause of myxoid cysts isn’t fully understood but they are commonly associated with:
- Degeneration or herniation of the joint capsule or tendon sheath near the nail.
- Trauma or injury to the affected area.
- Osteoarthritis or joint degeneration, particularly in older individuals.
- Small, rounded bumps near the nail on fingers or toes.
- Clear, jelly-like fluid inside the cyst.
- Rarely painful unless they press on a nerve or cause discomfort due to their location.
- Potential for changes in nail appearance or growth if the cyst is pressing on the nail matrix.
Treatment for myxoid cysts depends on the size, location and symptoms. Options may include:
- Observation. If the cyst is small, painless and not causing any significant issues, observation without treatment might be an option.
- Draining the Cyst. Your healthcare provider may drain the cyst using a needle to remove the fluid inside.
- Corticosteroid Injection. Injecting a steroid medication into the cyst might help reduce its size and alleviate symptoms.
- Surgical Removal. For larger or bothersome cysts that don’t respond to other treatments, surgical excision might be recommended.
Are you suffering from any foot condition? At The Chelsea Clinic, we can help. One of our podiatrist can assist and then recommend what treatments are best to get you back on track. Podiatrist South Kensington
Book an appointment here or you may call us at +44 (0) 207 101 4000.
We hope you have a feetastic day!
-The Chelsea Clinic and Team