What is gout?

Gout

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What is gout?

 

Gout is a form of inflammatory arthritis characterized by sudden and severe attacks of pain, swelling, redness and tenderness in the joints, most commonly the joint at the base of the big toe.  It is caused by the buildup of uric acid crystals in the affected joint, leading to inflammation and intense pain.

Uric acid is a waste product that is normally excreted from the body through urine.  However, in people with gout, there is either an overproduction of uric acid or the kidneys are unable to eliminate it efficiently, leading to elevated levels of uric acid in the blood (hyperuricemia).

Risk factors

You’re more likely to have a gout attack if you:

  • have a family history of gout
  • have high levels of uric acid in your blood
  • drink too much alcohol (especially beer)
  • eat a diet high in purines such as meat, sweetbreads, offal, shellfish, and fructose
  • are overweight
  • use diuretics
  • become dehydrated
  • crash diet or fast.

Gout Prevention

Preventing gout attacks and managing the condition effectively involves a combination of lifestyle changes and, in some cases, medication.

  • Maintain a Healthy Weight
  • Follow a Balanced Diet
  • Stay Hydrated
  • Limit Alcohol
  • Manage Stress
  • Monitor Medications
  • Regular Checkups

Gout attacks typically occur suddenly, often at night, and can be triggered by factors such as dietary choices (high-purine foods like red meat, shellfish, and alcohol), dehydration, stress and certain medications.  The affected joint becomes hot, swollen, extremely tender and also painful, making it difficult to walk or move.

Are you suffering from any foot condition?  At The Chelsea Clinic, we can help.  One of our podiatrist can assist and then recommend what treatments are best to get you back on track. Podiatrist South Kensington
Schedule an appointment here or you may call us at +44 (0) 207 101 4000

 

We hope you have a feetastic day!

-The Chelsea Clinic and Team

 

 

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